In each of these lands this type of house, evolved to meet the demands of life in the home land, was exposed to a whole new set of environments.
As a result it took on various forms in the various colonies, showing roofs of deep-red tiles, a colorful facade, the sparkling texture of whitewashed adobe (sun- dried clay) plaster, the time-honored, round, rhythmic Roman forms, the inevitable influence of Aztec or Pueblo Indian handicraft.
Thus, while preserving its general sunny quality, the Spanish house in the Americas and Mexico took on characteristics and evolved new details which, while generally Hispanic in feeling, had only remote precedent in Spain and in some cases no prototype at all.
But this is only to be expected, for any art that is alive responds to the demands and absorbs the character of the race or the age that it serves. With the infiltration of ideas from the splendid pre-Spanish Aztec culture, the Spanish house in Mexico took on a decidedly Mexican character.
Moreover, the wealth of the country and the development of the tile industry at Puebla and other cities made possible a lavish exterior use of colorful wall tiles, a material which in Spain was more generally reserved for the cool interiors, patios and gardens.
Thus, while domestic architecture in Mexico sacrificed much of the old Spanish precision, finesse, and delicacy, it gained much in freshness, spontaneity and naiveté.
This Spanish-Mexican house was eventually carried by the colonizing conquistadors into California, Arizona, and New Mexico, into Texas and the Gulf Coast, and into Florida.
In each of these colonies, more or less isolated at the time, was developed a local variant of the Spanish-Mexican type, which, as time went on, differed as much from the others as from its prototypes in Mexico.